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All information on this website (except for the articles in the popular press page) is cited from peer-reviewed, published sources, unless otherwise noted. Some of the basic biology information is taken from cell biology or immunology textbooks. The scientific journal articles cited below are all cited elsewhere within this website (enter the author and date in the "search" tool to find where they are discussed). Throughout the site, I linked the journal citations directly to the PubMed database, rather than this page. If the full text is not available for free, try your local university library, or writing to the author. Other sources include Google Scholar and BioMedSearch; the latter includes not only those articles listed on PubMed, but also dissertations and additional journals as well.

Below are PubMed collections of the articles cited on this website, organized by topic. You can download them directly into a citation database from PubMed.

All references cited on this website (over 2800 studies!)
New studies that I haven't yet put online but intend to (i.e., my to-do list)

References by topic

To download or see a list of articles sorted by topic, see these PubMed Collections. These collections include all the articles cited on this website, and many more as well.

Diabetes incidence and prevalence
Classification and types of diabetes (including studies on Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults, double diabetes, and more issues in diabetes classification)
Hypotheses: Why is diabetes increasing?
Clusters of type 1 diabetes (clustering in location or time, or by season)

Developmental exposures (gestation, birth, early life) and diabetes/obesity (includes studies on nutritional, chemical, and other exposures during prenatal/early life development)
Transgenerational exposures and diabetes/obesity (includes studies on exposures during development can lead to effects in the 2nd and 3rd following generations)

All environmental chemicals and diabetes/obesity (includes type 2, type 1, and gestational diabetes; insulin resistance; obesity/body size)
All chemicals and obesity and metabolic syndrome (includes studies on growth, height, weight, obesity, insulin resistance, lipids, and adipose (fatty) tissue)
All chemicals and type 1 diabetes
All chemicals and gestational diabetes

Specific environmental chemicals

Air pollution and diabetes/obesity
Arsenic and diabetes/obesity
BPA and diabetes/obesity
Dioxin and diabetes/obesity
Flame retardants and diabetes/obesity
Heavy metals and diabetes/obesity
Nitrate/nitrite and diabetes/obesity
Organotins and diabetes/obesity
PCBs and diabetes/obesity
Perfluorinated compounds and diabetes/obesity
Persistent organic pollutants and diabetes/obesity
Pesticides and diabetes/obesity
Phthalates and diabetes/obesity
Radiation and diabetes/obesity
Selenium and diabetes/obesity
Solvents, trichloroethylene (TCE) and diabetes/obesity


Beta cell dysfunction (includes studies on insulin secretion and beta cell function)